No mechanical or hemorrhagic injury was observed in the hippocamp

No mechanical or hemorrhagic injury was observed in the hippocampus. In vehicle controls assessed at 48 h, SAH was associated with robust neuroinflammation in the adjacent cortex [neutrophils, activated phagocytic microglia, nuclear factor-kappa B, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-1beta] and neurodegeneration (Fluoro-Jade C staining and loss of NeuN). In the hippocampus, a muted neuroinflammatory response was indicated by

find more Iba1-positive, ED1-negative microglia exhibiting an activated morphology. The perforant pathway showed Fluoro-Jade C staining and demyelination, and granule cells of the dentate gyms had pyknotic nuclei, labeled with Fluoro-Jade C and showed upregulation of cleaved caspase-3, consistent

with transsynaptic apoptosis. Administration of heparin significantly reduced neuroinflammation, demyelination, Rabusertib and transsynaptic apoptosis. We conclude that delayed IV infusion of low-dose unfractionated heparin may attenuate adverse neuroinflammatory effects of SAH.”
“We describe the first case to our knowledge of Hafnia alvei pyelonephritis in a renal transplant recipient. Clinicians should consider this under-recognized pathogen when clinically evaluating immunosuppressed patients with a history of invasive procedures.”
“A 65-year-old man developed progressive worsening of right-sided limb-kinetic apraxia and extrapyramidal dysfunction. His left internal carotid artery was found to be occluded, and there was general atrophy and severely decreased cerebral blood flow in the left hemisphere. He had experienced an acute infarction in the left watershed area before superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass Selleck Blasticidin S surgery. After surgery, the cerebral blood flow in the left hemisphere was remarkably improved. Unilateral internal carotid artery occlusion may result in clinical manifestations similar to corticobasal degeneration.”
“Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality and

is an independent predictor of a worse outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH). IVH may result in both injuries to the brain as well as hydrocephalus. This paper reviews evidence on the mechanisms and potential treatments for IVH-induced hydrocephalus. One frequently cited theory to explain hydrocephalus after IVH involves obliteration of the arachnoid villi by microthrombi with subsequent inflammation and fibrosis causing CSF outflow obstruction. Although there is some evidence to support this theory, there may be other mechanisms involved, which contribute to the development of hydrocephalus. It is also unclear whether the causes of acute and chronic hydrocephalus after hemorrhage occur via different mechanisms: mechanical obstruction by blood in the former and inflammation and fibrosis in the latter.

A simple model for COP velocity dynamics, based on a bounded corr

A simple model for COP velocity dynamics, based on a bounded correlated random walk, reproduces the main statistical signatures evidenced in the experimental series. The implications of these results are discussed.”
“Pen housing has been proposed in rabbits as an alternative to standard-sized cages. Rabbits reared in pens show greater physical activity. This study investigated whether Selleck Navitoclax jump exercise could modify body composition, muscle biochemical and histological characteristics, and some meat quality traits, including the biomechanical properties of tendons. Male weaned rabbits of similar BW (793 +/- 11 g) were either reared in giant collective cages

and had to jump over obstacles to get food and water for 35 consecutive days (EXE), or confined in small isolated cages (SEDN). Rabbits were weighed weekly to determine ADG (n = 79 EXE; n = 46 SEDN) and ADFI (n = 9 cages in EXE; n = 46 cages in SEDN). At approximately 10 wk of age, rabbits

were slaughtered in 2 series. After overnight chilling, carcasses in the first series (n = 30 EXE; n = 27 SEDN) were divided into fore, intermediate, and hind parts. Color and ultimate pH were recorded in the biceps femoris (BF) and LM. The Achilles tendon and patellar ligament were dissected from the legs and cooked. Muscles [semimembranosus proprius, semimembranosus accessorius AZD0530 price (SMA), and BF] were harvested from the legs in a subset of animals from the second series (n =

10 in EXE; n = 9 in SEDN). Both ADG and ADFI were slightly reduced (P < 0.10) in EXE rabbits compared with SEDN rabbits. Exercised rabbits showed a greater (P = 0.01) proportion of hind parts than SEDN rabbits. Enzyme activities of 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and citrate synthase, which play key roles in fatty acid oxidation and the terminal oxidative INCB028050 price degradation of nutrients, respectively, were increased in the semimembranosus proprius, SMA (except citrate synthase), and BF muscles of EXE rabbits compared with SEDN rabbits. Only SMA exhibited a decreased (P = 0.05) activity of the glycolytic enzyme, lactate dehydrogenase, in EXE rabbits compared with SEDN animals. Total lipid content, mean diameter of perimysial adipocytes, and activities of core lipogenic enzymes in the SMA and BF muscles did not differ between EXE and SEDN rabbits. Meat color in BF was shifted toward greater a* (red; P = 0.001) and b* (yellow; P = 0.02) values in EXE rabbits compared with SEDN rabbits. Cooked Achilles tendon and patellar ligaments in the legs had greater stiffness (P = 0.05) in EXE rabbits compared with SEDN rabbits. This experiment demonstrates that rabbit muscles turn to a more oxidative metabolic pattern in response to jump exercise. The quality of attachment of cooked meat to bone is also improved in active rabbits.”
“Bare-root transplants of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch. cv.

“Certain abnormal products of human tissues are resistant

“Certain abnormal products of human tissues are resistant 3-MA in vivo to degradation. The fibrillary ultrastructure of some of these are seen integrated with normal tissue components. The accumulations seen in colloid milium, lichen, and macular amyloidosis are of this type. Apoptosis of keratinocytes and filamentous degeneration of some proteins can be important in the pathogenesis. A similar pathogenetic mechanism is possible in ligneous mucosal disease, which is a rare disorder of plasminogen deficiency characterized

by amyloid-like amorphous accumulations. Gingival and conjunctival mucosal pseudomembraneous masses are typical and concomitant involvement of other sites are not unusual. The accumulated substance is thought to be an abnormal fibrin degradation product. In this study, we have examined 6 representative samples from 5 gingival and 1 conjunctival lesions displaying characteristic features. Immunohistochemically, fibrinogen was detected as an early change. TUNEL staining revealed numerous apoptotic keratinocytes in this phase as well. These cells also expressed nuclear factor kappa beta. Apoptotic cells showed loss of epithelial cadherin immunostaining. In the later phase, the subepithelial accumulations failed to stain with

antifibrinogen, wide spectrum, find more and high molecular keratins, type 4 collagen and nuclear factor kappa beta. Our findings suggest that the accumulations in ligneous mucosal Anlotinib solubility dmso disorder result from an abnormal healing process and they probably form as a combination of organised fibrinogen, epithelial fragments, and connective tissue matrix.”
“The overall traffic of droplets in a network of microfluidic channels

is strongly influenced by the liquid properties of the moving droplets. In particular, the effective hydrodynamic resistance of individual droplets plays a key role in their global behavior. Here we propose two simple and low-cost experimental methods for measuring this parameter by analyzing the dynamics of a regular sequence of droplets injected into an “”asymmetric loop”" network. The choice of a droplet taking either route through the loop is influenced by the presence of previous droplets that modulate the hydrodynamic resistance of the branches they are sitting in. We propose to extract the effective resistance of a droplet from easily observable time series, namely, from the choices the droplets make at junctions and from the interdroplet distances. This becomes possible when utilizing a recently proposed theoretical model based on a number of simplifying assumptions. Here we present several sets of measurements of the hydrodynamic resistance of droplets, expressed in terms of a “”resistance length.”" The aim is twofold: (1) to reveal its dependence on a number of parameters, such as the viscosity, the volume of droplets, their velocity as well as the spacing between them.

Patients and Methods: A prospective cost evaluation with 1-year f

Patients and Methods: A prospective cost evaluation with 1-year follow-up of 60 patients with infravesical obstruction of benign prostatic hyperplasia origin who underwent o either TURP (n = 30) or PVP (n = 30). The cost of equipment, consumables, anesthesia, drugs, inpatient hospitalization, and complication management within 1 year postoperatively were used to calculate the cost for the NHS. PISF reimbursements to hospitals and PISF opportunity cost from the lost days of work were used to calculate PISF perspective.

Results: From the NHS perspective, the average cost was (sic)1722

($2371) for PVP and (sic)2132 ($2935) for TURP. From the PISF perspective, the average cost for hospital reimbursement was (sic)1348 ($1856) in the case of PVP and (sic)938 see more ($1291) in the case of TURP. Nevertheless, in the case of patients still working, total PISF reimbursement cost was (sic)2038 ($2806) for PVP and (sic)2666 ($3671) for TURP.

Conclusions: PVP for 40 to 70 cc

prostates is preferable from the perspective of the NHS. From ALK mutation the perspective of PISF, PVP is less costly only in the case of patients who are still working, because patients who undergo PVP stay much less out of work. Further investigation in larger populations as well as in different protocols of PVP hospitalization and return to work times is deemed necessary to reinforce the conclusions of this study.”
“Background: Almost 60% of all patients with severe multiple injuries sustain

severe chest trauma with aggravating effect on morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of lung this website contusion is performed by early posttraumatic multislice computed tomography. Because this diagnostic procedure requires time, resources, and exposure to radiation, a noninvasive approach with easy follow-up measurements is warranted.

Methods: Serum levels of Clara cell protein 16 (CC16) and surfactant protein D as lung-specific biomarkers were obtained on admission from 104 patients with multiple injuries using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Patients were divided into those with severe lung injury ([LI]; n = 68) and without LI (NLI; n = 36). Nonsmoking healthy volunteers served as controls. In addition, volume of lung contusions were calculated planimetrically on serial multislice computed tomography scans obtained after admission. Factors influencing CC16 serum levels were determined in uni- and multivariate analyses, and Spearman rank coefficients were calculated for correlations.

Results: Patients with LI showed a significant (p < 0.05) elevation of median CC16 levels (10.2 ng/mL) compared with NLI patients (5.4 ng/mL) and controls (5.2 ng/mL). Serum CC16 levels correlated with the volume of lung contusions (r = 0.78, p < 0.0001) and were not influenced by overall injury severity, age, gender, or preclinical ventilation.

The Fontan patients were noted to have shorter exercise times tha

The Fontan patients were noted to have shorter exercise times than the normal patients and also appeared to have an alteration in postexertional regional blood flow. However, when the

various Fontan subtypes were compared by presence or absence of a fenestration, JNK-IN-8 inhibitor no significant differences were noted with regard to change in regional oxygen saturation or arteriovenous oxygen saturation. Thus, for patients with Fontan physiology, closure of the fenestration does not seem to have an impact on the dynamics of regional oxygen extraction during exercise or recovery.”
“A selective and sensitive liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method for determination of ondansetron in rat plasma was developed and validated. After addition of midazolam Selleckchem MK 2206 as internal standard (IS), protein precipitation by acetonitrile was used as sample preparation, and

chromatography involved Agilent SB-C18 column (2.1 x 150 mm, 5 mu m) using 0.1 % formic acid in water and acetonitrile as a mobile phase with gradient elution. Detection involved positive ion mode electrospray ionization (ESI), and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode was used for quantification of target fragment ions m/z 294.0 -> 169.7 for ondansetron and m/z 326.0 -> 291.0 for midazolam (internal standard, IS). The assay was linear over the range of 5-1000 ng/mL for ondansetron, with a lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of 5 ng/mL for ondansetron. Intra- and inter-day precisions were less than 14 % and the accuracies were in the range of 94.7-113.5 % for ondansetron. This developed method was successfully applied for the determination of ondansetron in rat plasma for pharmacokinetic study.”
“Objective: The aim of this study is to measure the extent of oxidative stress and to see whether it has any correlation to changes in adiponectin levels in NAFLD subjects with and without Type 2 diabetes.

Methods: Subjects recruited from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study comprise of 1: Normal Glucose Tolerance

(NGT) subjects without NAFLD; 2: NGT with NAFLD; 3: Type 2 Diabetic patients [T2DM] without NAFLD and 4: T2DM with NAFLD. Thiobarbituric find more acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyl (PCO), glutathione and adiponectin levels were measured by standard methods. Ultrasound of the liver was used to diagnose NAFLD.

Results: T2DM subjects with NAFLD had significantly (p < 0.001) higher levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and protein carbonyls (PCO) but lower (p < 0.001) GSH/GSSG ratio and adiponectin levels compared to other three groups. The association of hypoadiponectinemia with NAFLD/Type 2 diabetes was significant even after adjusting for age, gender and BMI, but lost when adjusted for parameters of oxidative stress. While palmitate significantly reduced GSH/GSSG ratio in hepatocytes, addition of exogenous recombinant adiponectin restored the GSH/GSSG ratio comparable to those of untreated cells.

“Relations were investigated between the structure of a se

“Relations were investigated between the structure of a series of onium salts, rates of alkaline hydrolysis catalyzed by the salts of 4-nitrophenyl N-benzyloxycarbonylglycinate in a two-phase liquid-liquid selleck chemicals system, and the value of the standard exchange enthalpy of

anions in ion pairs with the catalyst cation calculated by the semiempiric PM3 method. The catalytic activity of ammonium, phosphonium, pyridinium, imidazolium, and benzimidazolium salts in a wide range of cation structures varies in parallel with the enthalpy of formation of the active form of the catalyst by the exchange of the anion with a hydroxide ion.”
“The C-terminus of the putative cell surface protein CspI which Stem Cell Compound Library contains one putative LPxTG motif region and a signal peptides fragment were amplified from L. plantarum CICC6024, and the green fluorescent protein gene gfp was amplified from the plasmid pACGFP. The three genes were ligated and the fusion gene was named SgfpL. The fusion gene SgfpL was then cloned into shuttle expression vector pMG36e and transformed into L. plantarum. SDS-PAGE identified that the fusion protein was expressed and the band of fusion protein was observed

at the predicated molecular size. Fluorescence assay, western blot against GFP antibody, protease accessibility and SDS sensitivity assays were performed to determine that the GFP was successfully displayed on the surfaces of L. plantarum cells and the maximum display capacity of the GFP fusion protein was ca. 65 mu g ml(-1). The fermentation condition experiments determined that the amounts of GFP fusion protein were increased at a higher temperature and reached the peak at 2.5 h. Then, the beta-galactosidase from Bifidobacterium bifidum was functionally displayed on the surface of L. plantarum cells via CspI to demonstrate the applicability of the CspI-mediated surface display system.”

We sought to develop and validate a logistic model and a simple score system for prediction of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing operations for rheumatic aortic valve disease.

Hypothesis: The simple score model we established based on the logistic model was efficient and practical.

Methods: A total of 669 rheumatic patients (mean age 51 +/- 9 years), who underwent routine coronary angiography (CAG) before aortic valve surgery between 1998 and 2010, were analyzed. A bootstrap-validated logistic regression model on the basis of clinical risk factors was developed to identify low-risk (<= 5%) patients, from which an additive model was derived. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare discrimination, and precision was quantified by the Hosmer-Lemeshow statistic.

The dispersion level of carbon nanotubes in the solvent was inves

The dispersion level of carbon nanotubes in the solvent was investigated by means of scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The results showed that carbon nanotubes were well wrapped

by the surfactant, and small carbon nanotube bundles several nanometers or less in diameter and several micrometers in length were obtained. Both scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy confirmed the uniform dispersion of SWCNTs in the PMMA matrix. The mechanical properties of the composites were determined with a universal tension tester. The PMMA composite containing 2 wt % SWCNTs showed improved tensile properties versus neat PMMA, showing 56 and 30% check details enhancements Sapitinib inhibitor of the tensile modulus and tensile stress, respectively. (C) 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 114: 3414-3419, 2009″
“The shoot apical meristem (SAM) is responsible for the development of all the above-ground parts of a plant. Our understanding of the SAM at the molecular level is incomplete. This study investigates the gene expression repertoire

of SAMs in the garden pea (Pisum sativum). To this end, 10 346 EST sequences representing 7610 unique genes were generated from SAM cDNA libraries. These sequences, together with previously reported pea ESTs, were used to construct a 12K oligonucleotide array to identify genes with differential SAM expression, as compared to axillary meristems, root apical meristems, or non-meristematic tissues. A number of genes were identified, predominantly click here expressed in specific cell layers or domains of the SAM and thus are likely components of the gene networks involved in stem cell maintenance or the initiation of lateral organs.

Further in situ hybridization analysis confirmed the spatial localization of some of these genes within the SAM. Our data also indicate the diversification of some gene expression patterns and hence functions in legume crop plants. A number of transcripts highly expressed in all three meristems have also been uncovered and these candidates may provide valuable insight into molecular networks that underpin the maintenance of meristematic functionality.”
“Bone loss in the oral and maxillofacial region caused by trauma, tumors, congenital disorders, or degenerative diseases is a health care problem worldwide. To restore (reconstruct) these bone defects, human or animal bone grafts or alloplastic (synthetic) materials have been used. However, several disadvantages are associated with bone graft transplantation, such as limited bone volume, donor-site morbidity, surgical and immune rejection risks, and lack of osseo-integration.

To confirm the clinical relevance of the concepts identified in t

To confirm the clinical relevance of the concepts identified in the disease model, 5 dermatologists were selected and interviewed one-on-one. They were asked to rate major psoriasis symptoms according to importance and bothersomeness level to patients on separate scales of 1 to 10. Results of clinician interviews were used to develop interview guides for patient focus groups. To identify important

domains of psoriasis, 39 patients participated in 5 separate concept elicitation focus groups. Four focus groups included patients with severe psoriasis (n = 31) and one included patients with mild psoriasis (n = 8). Patients were asked to describe their current psoriasis symptoms and to rate them on a scale of 1 to 10, according to importance, severity, and troublesomeness. An average mean QNZ cell line rating was calculated for each symptom throughout all focus groups.

Results: Clinicians most frequently mentioned itch (n = 5), psoriatic arthritis or “”joint pains”" (n = 4), flaking (n = 4), and pain (n = 3) as primary physical symptoms of psoriasis. Three clinicians gave a rating of 10 for the importance of itch; two clinicians gave ratings of 8 and

7 for importance. The majority of patients rated itch as the most important (31/39), most severe (31/39), and most troublesome (24/39) symptom and noted that itch negatively impacted daily activities (eg, concentration, sleep, ability to attend work or school), as well as emotions PKC412 mw (eg, anxiety and embarrassment).

Conclusion: These analyses suggest that itch is one of the most important symptoms of psoriasis, contributing to diminished health-related Linsitinib quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with both mild and severe disease.”
“The objective of this study is to assess anatomical and functional results of the extraperitoneal uterosacral ligament suspension (USL) in women with post-hysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse.

One hundred and twenty-three consecutive women were included.

Concurrent procedures were anterior colporraphy with fascial repair (20%) and mesh reinforcement (49%), posterior colporraphy with fascial repair (38%) and mesh reinforcement (56%) and a sling procedure (29%). Women were assessed using Baden and Walker and pelvic organ prolapse quantification classification pre- and post-operatively.

One hundred and ten patients (89%) were available for follow-up. Mean follow-up was 2 years. Objective success rate regarding the vaginal cuff is 95.4%. Global anatomical success rate was 85.5%. Urinary, coital and bowel symptoms were improved following surgery. Mesh exposure rate was 19.3%, with all cases managed conservatively or with minor interventions.

Bilateral extraperitoneal USL is an effective operation to restore apical support with low morbidity, which avoids potential risks associated with opening the peritoneal cavity.

Chronic urticaria was frequently associated with thyroid autoimmu

Chronic urticaria was frequently associated with thyroid autoimmunity. We did not observe significant relationship between chronic autoimmune urticaria and thyroid autoimmunity and we suggest these are tangential, parallel autoimmune events.”
“Antibodies can undergo a variety of covalent and non-covalent degradation reactions that have adverse effects

on efficacy, safety, manufacture and storage. We had identified an antibody to Angiopoietin 2 (Ang2 mAb) that neutralizes Ang2 binding to its receptor in vitro and inhibits tumor growth in vivo. Despite favorable pharmacological activity, the Ang2 mAb DMXAA preparations were heterogeneous, aggregated rapidly and were poorly expressed. Here, we report the engineering

of the antibody variable and constant domains to generate an antibody with reduced propensity to aggregate, enhanced homogeneity, 11 degrees C elevated T-m, 26-fold improved level of expression and retained activity. The engineered molecule, MEDI-3617, is now compatible with the large scale material supply required for clinical trials and is currently 4SC-202 inhibitor being evaluated in Phase 1 in cancer patients. This is the first report to describe the stability engineering of a therapeutic antibody addressing non canonical cysteine residues and the design strategy reported here is generally applicable to other therapeutic antibodies and proteins.”
“Background and objective: We conducted a systematic

review of prospective, randomized, controlled trials (RCT) to examine whether histology had a treatment modifying effect (TME) on the efficacy outcomes of chemotherapeutic agents in patients with advanced (stage IIIB-IV) non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: Potentially pertinent publications were reviewed in full to determine if there was any TME by histology for overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) or treatment selleck kinase inhibitor response rate (TRR).

Results: Data from three pemetrexed RCT, comparing (i) pemetrexed versus docetaxel, (ii) pemetrexed and cisplatin versus gemcitabine and cisplatin, and (iii) pemetrexed versus placebo, showed a statistically significant TME by histology for OS and PFS. One trial comparing pemetrexed and carboplatin versus gemcitabine and carboplatin found no significant associations between histology and OS. The results of this systematic review indicate that pemetrexed appears to have the most consistent treatment-by-histology interaction effect on the efficacy outcomes of chemotherapeutic agents in patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC. Patients with non-squamous histology gain the greatest benefit from treatment with pemetrexed. Conversely, patients with squamous cell disease appeared to experience poorer OS when pemetrexed was compared with other active treatments, and similar OS when compared with placebo.

3%, respectively Both were found to be highly sensitive phenotyp

3%, respectively. Both were found to be highly sensitive phenotypic tests

for the detection of MRSA. However, the oxacillin disc diffusion test is much more cost-effective. The MSA-FOX, whose sensitivity was 95.8%, was found to check details be a highly sensitive, cost-effective screening medium for the detection of MRSA.”
“Persistent pain after TVT-O procedure is a rare complication. Nerve injuries have been suspected as a cause of persistent pain. We present one case of atypical postoperative pain-pudendal neuralgia following TVT-O procedure-which persisted 3 years after the primary procedure. The patient required surgical removal of the tape, which brought only partial relief. Complete relief from pain was afterwards achieved with repeated local applications of anesthetics with corticosteroids. The recurrent stress urinary incontinence was treated with retropubic TVT. Pudendal nerve irritation was also described after retropubic sling procedure, and the cadaveric dissection indicated

the theoretic possibility of nerve injury during retropubic sling procedure. To explain the mechanism of nerve injury, we performed cadaveric dissections on a formalin-embalmed female body. We were able to CAL-101 research buy demonstrate the contact of the needle with the pudendal nerve after aberrant passage of the inserter.”
“We describe the soluble production of a mouse anti-bovine ribonuclease A single-chain variable fragment (scFv) fused with the Fc region of human IgG1 in Escherichia coil.

Two production systems, secretory production using a pelB signal peptide and cytoplasmic production in a trxB/gor double mutant strain with an oxidizing cytoplasm, were investigated for efficient production of soluble and functional scFv-Fc fusion protein. Antigen-binding activity was observed in both systems but almost all of the scFv-Fc that was expressed formed insoluble LY2835219 concentration aggregates. Hence, the co-expression of molecular chaperones was examined. Co-expression of GroEL/GroES showed a 4.6-fold increase in antigen-binding activity in the cytoplasmic production system but not in the secretory system. By contrast, the other two chaperones, DnaK/DnaJ/GrpE and trigger factor, had no effect in either production system. The protein solubility was also improved markedly by the co-expression of GroEL/GroES and approximately 70% of the 3A21 scFv-Fc protein was soluble. A practical productivity of more than 10 mg/L was achieved with a simple batch shake-flask culture. These results indicate that the E. coil cytoplasmic production system with oxidizing cytoplasm and molecular chaperones might be one of the choices for the soluble production of scFv-Fcs and other Fc fusion proteins. (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“In the present study, we investigated the function of the heterotrimeric G protein beta-subunit (G beta) gene (RGB1) in rice.