Participants reporting using Connect2 were then asked whether they (a) walked or (b) cycled on Connect2 for six journey purposes (commuting for work, travel for education, travel in the course of business, shopping or personal business, travel for social or leisure activities, and recreation, health or fitness). We examined the predictors of (i) Connect2 awareness and (ii) Connect2 use using Poisson regression with robust
standard errors (Zou, 2004). We initially adjusted analyses only for age, sex and study site, and then proceeded to multivariable selleck compound analyses. Missing data across explanatory and outcome variables ranged from 0 to 8.1% per variable, and were imputed using multiple imputation by chained equations under an assumption of missing at random. To allow for potential correlations between participants living in the
same neighbourhood, robust standard errors were used clustered by Lower Super Output Dolutegravir concentration Area (average population 1500). Statistical analyses were conducted in 2012–2013 using Stata 11. Comparisons with local authority and national data suggested that participants included fewer young adults than the general population (e.g. 7% in the two-year sample vs. 26% of adults locally) and were also somewhat healthier, better-educated and less likely to have children. Otherwise the study population appeared to be broadly representative
in its demographic, socio-economic, travel and activity-related characteristics (see Supplementary material). Retention at follow-up did not differ with respect to proximity to the intervention or baseline levels of walking and cycling (see Supplementary material). The one- and two-year study samples had very similar characteristics (Table 1), and all findings were unchanged in sensitivity analyses restricted to those who provided data at both time points. Awareness and use of Connect2 were fairly high at one-year follow-up, with 32% reporting using Connect2 and a further 32% having heard of it. At two-year follow-up these proportions had risen slightly to 38% and 35%. Among those taking part in both follow-up waves, the correlation between use at one and two years was 0.62, with (for example) 82% of those who Casein kinase 1 used it at one year reporting also using it at two years (Table 2 and Supplementary material). Correlations for specific types of use were generally also fairly high, ranging from 0.35 to 0.76. The average number of types of Connect2 use reported by users was 1.96 at one-year follow-up and 1.97 at two-year follow-up. In both follow-up waves, walking for recreation was by far the most commonly reported type of Connect2 use, followed by cycling for recreation, walking for transport and cycling for transport (Table 2).