The method is of particular interest when a fast and sensitive selective multiple quantum coherence editing is necessary, e.g., for spatial three dimensional experiments. Magn Reson Med 62: 880-887, buy Pevonedistat 2009. (C) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.”
“This work provides a novel view of explaining water uptake behavior commonly observed in legume seeds. A model proposed by Peleg to describe
the mechanical changes in biomaterials transitioning from a glassy state to a rubbery state was used to describe water uptake by legume seeds exhibiting a lag during imbibition and to characterize the mechanical changes of the seed coat as affected by soaking time. The seeds characterized by Peleg’s model possessed seed coats with a glass transition temperature higher than ambient soaking conditions. Alternatively, the water uptake behavior of legume seeds that did not exhibit a lag phase was characterized by an exponential equation used in polymer science to model solvent sorption by materials above their glass transition. A modified exponential equation was developed to model the mechanical behavior of these seed coats as affected by soaking time. Seeds characterized by the exponential equation possessed seed coats with a glass transition temperature near ambient soaking conditions. This work demonstrates, through the use
this website of two separate models, water uptake behavior of legume seeds can be explained by the glass transition temperature of the seed coat.”
“Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be formed from somatic cells by a defined set of genetic factors; however, aberrant epigenetic silencing of the imprinted Dlk1-Dio3 gene cluster often hinders their
developmental potency and ability to contribute to high-grade chimerism in mice. Here, we describe an approach that allows splenic B cells activated to undergo Ig heavy-chain (IgH) class-switch recombination (CSR) to be reprogrammed into iPSCs that contribute to high-grade chimerism in mice. Treatment of naive splenic B cells in culture with anti-CD40 plus IL-4 induces IgH CSR from IgM to IgG1 HKI 272 and IgE. CSR leads to irreversible IgH locus deletions wherein the IgM-producing C mu exons are permanently excised from the B-cell genome. We find that anti-CD40 plus IL-4-activated B cells produce iPSCs that are uniformly hypermethylated in the imprinted Dlk1-Dio3 gene cluster and fail to produce chimerism in mice. However, treatment of activated B cells with the methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2′-deoxycytidine before and at early stages of reprogramming attenuates hypermethylation of the Dlk1-Dio3 locus in resultant iPSCs and enables them to form high-grade chimerism in mice. These conditions allowed us to produce chimeric mice in which all mature B cells were derived entirely from IgG1-expressing B-cell-derived iPSCs. We conclude that culture conditions of activated B cells before and at early stages of reprogramming influence the developmental potency of resultant iPSCs.