Age and smoking status affected oral health in both groups, but even when the influence
of these factors was considered, the oral health of the patients was poorer than that of the control group. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Recent studies reported elevated blood lead (Pb) levels in riparian populations of the Amazon. For this reason, the aim of the present study was to assess the risk to riparians in the Brazilian Amazon to Pb exposure due to the intake of contaminated manioc flour. Lead levels were determined in whole blood (n=74) and in manioc flour samples (n=30) in three different communities. Mean blood Pb levels were 16.8 g/dl, with individuals living in Acaituba presenting the highest mean blood Pb level (22.4 g/dl), followed by Nova CanaA (17.3 g/dl) and Santa
Cruz (9.8 g/dl). The minimum blood Pb level found was 0.83 g/dl and the maximum was 44.3 g/dl. The estimated LEE011 cell line daily intake (EDI) was calculated and compared to the benchmark dose lower confidence limit (BMDL) for neurotoxicity. Mean Pb in manioc flour was 0.34 g/g while EDI was 79 g/d, corresponding Niraparib molecular weight to 260% of the BMDL (varying from 168 to 308%). This finding is of great importance since this high EDI may exert adverse effects on the nervous system of this population. Manioc flour intake may thus present considerable risk of Pb exposure in this region. Risk management strategies and further studies on adverse effects in this population are needed.”
“Diagnostic changes during follow-up are not uncommon with a first-episode psychosis (FEP). This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic stability of the FEP and to identify factors associated with a
diagnostic shift from non-affective psychosis to bipolar disorder. Considering that the diagnosis of FEP is frequently more definite after recurrence in Ribonucleotide reductase many clinical settings, a retrospective evaluation after recurrence was preformed. Subjects were 150 patients with psychotic disorders who had been admitted to a psychiatric ward both for first episode and recurrence of their psychosis. Consensus diagnosis was made for each episode through a review of hospital records. Patients diagnosed with non-affective psychoses at the first episode were included in the analysis of predictive factors of a diagnostic shift to bipolar disorder. First-episode diagnoses were revised upon recurrence in 20.7% of patients. The most common change was to bipolar disorder accounting for more than half of all diagnostic changes. Schizophrenia exhibited the highest prospective and retrospective diagnostic consistencies. Female gender, short duration of untreated psychosis, high level of premorbid functioning, and several symptoms including lability, mood elation, hyperactivity, and delusions with religious or grandiose nature were identified as predictive factors for a diagnostic shift from non-affective psychosis to bipolar disorder.