“OBJECTIVES: To describe noninvasive positive-pressure ven

“OBJECTIVES: To describe noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation use in intensive care unit clinical practice, factors associated

with NPPV failure and the associated prognosis.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study.

RESULTS: Medical disorders (59%) and elective surgery (21%) were the main causes for admission to the intensive care unit. The main indications for the initiation of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation were the following: post-extubation, acute respiratory failure and use as an adjunctive technique to chest physiotherapy. The noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation failure group was older and had a higher Simplified Acute Physiology Score II score. The noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation failure rate was 35%. The main reasons for intubation were acute respiratory failure (55%) and a decreased level of consciousness (20%). The noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation this website failure group presented a shorter period of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation use than the successful group [three (2-5) versus four (3-7) days]; they had lower levels of pH, HCO3 and base excess, and the FiO(2)

level was higher. These patients also presented lower PaO2:FiO2 ratios; on the last day of CFTRinh-172 purchase support, the inspiratory positive airway pressure and expiratory positive airway pressure were higher. The failure group also had a longer average duration of stay in the intensive care unit [17 (10-26) days vs. 8 (5-14) days], as well as a higher mortality rate (9 vs. 51%). There was an association

between failure and mortality, which had an odds ratio (95% CI) of 10.6 (5.93 – 19.07). The multiple logistic regression analysis using noninvasive positive pressure ventilation failure as a dependent variable found that treatment tended to fail in patients with a Simplified Acute Physiology Score II >= 34, an inspiratory positive airway pressure level >= 15 cmH2O and pH<7.40.

CONCLUSION: The indications for noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation were quite varied. The failure group had a longer intensive care unit stay and higher mortality. Simplified Acute Physiology Score II >= 34, pH<7.40 and higher inspiratory positive airway pressure levels were associated GSK2126458 mouse with failure.”
“We report an 89-year-old woman with bilateral atraumatic scapular spine fracture several months after bilateral reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). Recently, RTSA has gained popularity in the surgical treatment of complex shoulder disorders such as cuff tear arthropathy. However, scapular fractures may occur several months after surgery as a late complication of this procedure. In this case report we focus on a relatively uncommon subtype, the scapular spine fracture. Although well-known in the orthopedic literature, radiologists are less familiar with this complication. To the best of our knowledge, bilateral scapular fractures have not yet been reported.

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